APEM provide baseline, ecological and impact studies across a wide range of habitats, sites and species, including plankton, benthic invertebrates, fish, marine mammals, waterbirds and wetlands.

We advise on mitigation and compensation measures, as well as delivering monitoring and mitigation plans.

The EIA process

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Ecological Impact Assessment (EcIA) is a process that identifies the significant environmental consequences of a proposed activity, plan, policy or project.

The EIA process leads to the production of an environmental statement (ES) that is submitted to the decision maker alongside the details of the proposed development.

The assessment of impacts in the environmental statement will in most cases need to include an assessment of possible significant impacts on protected sites, habitats and species and, if relevant, the proposed mitigation to reduce these impacts.

BG Shape 2 - Wave

For all ecological receptors, from benthic to highly mobile species and their supporting habitats, our experienced staff undertake a range of activities in line with best practice EIA guidelines including:

  • Scoping the need for desk studies, surveys and predictive modelling
  • Carrying out studies and surveys to characterise the baseline environment
  • Evaluating the importance of protected sites, habitats and species present within the area of the proposed development
  • Quantifying the impacts on protected sites, habitats and species
  • Ensuring that the assessment of impacts is ‘joined up’ across pressure sources, accounting for both direct effects and indirect effects
  • Proposing and designing any necessary avoidance, mitigation or compensation actions
  • Designing and delivering construction and post-project monitoring and mitigation plans

If proposed plans, programmes or projects are within, close to or might affect a protected area, there may also be a requirement for a Habitats Regulations Assessment (HRA).

Evening fieldwork - Emily Moxham 2019

Support for consenting requirements

APEM provide support with many of the other ecology consenting requirements usually fulfilled in tandem with the EIA process. These include HRAs, Water Framework Directive (WFD) assessments, European Protected Species Licensing and assessments of effects on Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) and Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).

Our experienced staff also provide a peer review service for developers, regulators and statutory advisors of ES chapters and impact studies prepared by other consultancies.

The range of EIA services APEM support and provide include:

  • Aerial habitat mapping
  • Analysis of marine survey data
  • Bird and marine mammal modelling
  • Marine field surveys and consultancy, including water quality
  • Freshwater field surveys and consultancy, including water quality
  • Offshore bird and mammal surveys
  • Water quality assessments
  • Sediment quality characterisations
  • Protected species surveys

We are always looking for new talent to join our team. Are you an experienced ornithology professional looking for a new position? Why not check out our full list of current vacancies on our Careers Hub?

Birds flying over the sea in front of a sunset

Related content

Read one of APEM’s blogs, news articles or case studies to find out more.